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Aspectos da vida familiar na estrategia de ascensao social e politica do 1. marques de Pombal

Understanding the extent to which some familiar aspects were part of the strategy of social and political ascension of Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, the influence his marriages had, who the godparents of his children were, to which families the daughters and sons in law of the statesman belonged, in what context their marriages were held, are the main questions that this essay seeks to answer.

In full Old Regime, at a time when private and public life were separated by a fine line, the story of Pombal, rather than not being an exception to this rule may indeed have been a paradigm of the overlapping of these spaces.

Published in the latest edition of the Armas e Troféus magazine, by the Instituto Português de Heráldica, this article gave substance to two talks presented by the author on the 22nd of February and the 20th of June 2012 in the Portuguese Academy of History and the aforementioned Institute, respectively.

parecer heraldico sobre Pano de Armar dos seculos XVIXVII

 

A tapestry from the 16th/17th, originating from India, was the subject of a heraldic report prepared by Lourenço Correia de Matos, a partner at LMT Abreu Loureiro, Correia de Matos & Galvão Teles, who identified in it the presence of arms of the Chaves, the Palhares and the Teixeira families, as well as a fourth coat of arms whose family could not be named, possibly being, due to its quartered composition (the shield divided into four parts), a combination of arms of different strains.

The tapestry has in its centre a square element with a “Tree of Jesse”, accompanied by four smaller squares decorated with “Angels” and four other larger squares that include the aforementioned coats of arms, all topped by helms, with their mantling and torsos, and crests. A border with figures of the kings of Israel surrounds the set.

Measuring 175 x 97.5 cm, this beautiful objet d’art, of Lusíada style, figured in the exhibition «Cumpriu-se o Mar» - A Arte na Rota do Oriente, part of the 17th European Art, Science and Culture Exhibition by the Council of Europe, at the core of the Jerónimos Monastery in Lisbon in 1983, being reproduced in its catalogue. It will now be on sale at the next auction at Cabral Moncada Leilões, to be held on the 4th and 5th of March of 2013, with the suggested opening bid of 25,000 euros.